Music and art therapy: anecdotal reports of success for some children with Asperger Syndrome
Speech and language therapy: focusing not only on words and verbal skills but also social skills (joint attention, mind reading, theory of mind) and conversational skills and social use of language.
Occupational therapy: emphasis on physical activities.
Early intensive behavioural approaches (such as Applied Behavioural Analysis-ABA): focus is on shaping skills using a reward system.
Social skills training: may include role-play, or more structured “lessons” that focus on specific social behaviours (i.e. eye contact, not standing too close to someone, not speaking too loud) or specific social rules (i.e. how to reply if someone gives you a present, holding the door open for someone carrying a heavy box). Often involves social stories which provide common social situations and teaches social scripts to help the child to learn what is expected in different situations. It may also include teaching theory of mind (other people’s emotional states, thought processes and beliefs) through comics, or DVDs such as Transporters.
Diets (Gluten free, casein free, yeast free): anecdotal support to eliminating these proteins from the diet, in the belief to reduce allergies. All based on gastro-intestinal problems that can occur in people with Asperger Syndrome and autism